Maryland Marijuana Laws

Information About Medical Marijuana Consumption and Possession

Medical content reviewed by Dr. Shatha Atiya on December 19, 2023 

While having a Maryland medical marijuana ID card is an incredible boon for your health and well-being, you should be aware of the great responsibility that your patient status carries with it. As a law-abiding Maryland patient, you take note of the following while you are undergoing your medical cannabis treatment.

Program Approval Date

April 2014

Patient ID Card Validity

6 Years

Government Fee


Certification Renewal


What Rules Must Marijuana Patients Follow in Maryland?

  • Your patient status grants you the right to possess a specific quantity of cannabis over a 30-day period. Depending on your treatment requirements, this quantity will likely vary on a case-by-case scenario. However, you have NO legal right to possess anything exceeding your explicitly set limit. 

  • Your patient status does NOT give you the right to grow medical cannabis plants in Maryland. Any and all medical cannabis you intend to use needs to be acquired through legal purchase from a state-approved dispensary. 

  • In Maryland, possession of a controlled substance such as hashish and/or cannabis concentrates falls under the same Schedule I Drug regulations as typical marijuana. Therefore, if your medical treatment includes products that are hashish-based OR made from any other type of marijuana concentrate, know that the penalties for unlawful use remain the same.

  • The only authorized locations for your medical marijuana purchases are state-approved dispensaries. Personal sales are highly prohibited by the court of law and you should NOT engage with them in any way, shape, or form, else you risk being charged with a sentence for possession with intent to distribute.  

  • Interaction of any kind with marijuana paraphernalia products is NOT necessary for your medical treatment. You have no legal excuse for being found in possession of such an item, or, even worse, to be using it for your own product manufacturing.

With all of this in mind, below are the three main types of marijuana penalties that Maryland’s marijuana laws can hold you accountable for:

1. Possession

2. Distribution/ Intent to Sell

3. Paraphernalia


As a patient, Maryland’s medical marijuana laws state that you are not to exceed the physician-imposed 30-day limit of marijuana that you are allowed to acquire and possess. If you are found in violation of that specified quantity, which would exceed the bottom limit of 10 grams, exposes you to the following legal penalties:

2013 Maryland Code Criminal Law § 5-402 – listed marijuana as a Schedule I controlled risky substance by the federal government.

  • Owning no more than 10 grams in Maryland (without any purpose to share) is a civil offense. 

  • Carrying out marijuana between 10 grams and not more than 50 pounds is a misdemeanor that will penalize a fine of not more than $1,000.00 with a sanction of up to one year in jail.

  • Possession of marijuana weighing 50 pounds or more sentence the carrier of five years minimum in prison and a penalty of up to $100,000.00

  • Authorities will impose a fine of up to $500.00 on anyone involved in using marijuana in public.

Distribution / Intent to Sell

The distribution of marijuana falls into two distinct categories as per Maryland’s drug laws: distribution with the intent to sell, and trafficking. Take note of the specific laws and regulations for each:

Sale and Distribution:

  • First offenders, up to 20 years in jail and a penalty of not more than $20,000.00

  • If the State convicted a person of carrying out marijuana to distribute, the person must spend a minimum sentence of 2 years in prison.

  • Possession of marijuana with intent to disburse of not more than 50 pounds in Maryland is considered a felony with a sentence of a maximum of 5 years in jail and a penalty not more than $15,000.00

  • Carrying out 50 pounds or more of marijuana is sentenced to not less than five years in prison and a fine of up to $100,000.00

  • Suppose the Commission recognized an individual as a ‘drug mogul‘ or an organizer, financier, or manager involved in a conspiracy to produce, distribute, or transport marijuana and dealt with not less than 50 pounds of marijuana. In that case, they are guilty of a felony and will have a penalty of not more than $1,000,000.00 and subject to a minimum of 20 years imprisonment and a maximum of 40 years without a possibility of parole.

  • Carrying out marijuana to disburse in a school bus, vehicle, or property owned or rented by a school, whether its elementary or secondary school, is a felony and is sentenced to:

  • For each subsequent violation, an offender may be sentenced to five – 40 years of imprisonment. And a fine of not more than $40,000.00

  • Suppose an adult asks and uses a minor in a conspiracy to disburse, transport, and produce marijuana. In that case, the adult is guilty of a felony and will have to pay a fine not more than $20,000 or imprisonment of not more than 20 years.

  • Cultivation in Maryland is prohibited and is punishable by law. Authorities determined the penalties by the amount a person cultivates and some other factors that may lead to a judgment that the marijuana is grown, not just for personal use.

  • Hash and Concentrates are also illegal in Maryland and are penalized at the same level as plant-form marijuana in the 2013 Maryland Code Criminal Law § 5-402 Schedule I prohibited substances.


  • If a person enters the State with more than 5 kg of marijuana but less than 45 kilograms, then that person will be charged guilty of a felony and is subject to not more than 10 years of imprisonment and a fine not to exceed $10,000.00

  • If a person enters the State of Maryland with not less than 45 kg of marijuana, then they will be charged guilty of a felony and are subject to not more than 25 years of imprisonment and a fine not more than $50,000.00

  • Suppose a person possesses any firearm while being arrested for trafficking marijuana into the State. In that case, authorities may charge that person guilty of a felony and may spend 5 to 20 years in jail and 10- 20 years for succeeding violations.


Maryland law makes it so simple possession of drug-related paraphernalia is treated as a civil violation with no imprisonment period, and a maximum legal fine of $500. However, the types of offenses extend beyond that:

  • If an individual is found guilty of selling and/or advertising marijuana paraphernalia, authorities will penalize them for not more than $500 for the first violation.

  • For succeeding offenses, the offender will be subject to an imprisonment of not more than two years and a fine, not more than $2,000.00.

  • Delivery of paraphernalia to a minor at least 3 years younger than the offender will result in a misdemeanor charge, which is punishable with a sentence of up to 8 years in prison, and an accompanying legal fine of up to $15,000. 

  • Offenders who are found in possession of controlled marijuana paraphernalia will be charged with a misdemeanor which is punishable with a sentence of up to 1 year in prison, as well as a legal fine of up to $1,000.

Maryland Medical Cannabis Renewal Available!

Questions about the Maryland Marijuana Laws

While the penalties for each medical marijuana law are highly important to take note of, we know that state regulations do not always cover the niche cases.

Below you can find a list of potential FAQs that you might have regarding the current state of medical marijuana in Maryland:

Is weed legal in Maryland?

Yes, weed is legal in Maryland for both medical and recreational use.

Medical use: Marijuana is legal in Maryland for the medical purposes of patients and caregivers registered with the Maryland Cannabis Administration (MCA).

Recreational use: Maryland legalized recreational weed for adults 21 and older on July 1, 2023. As a result, they can possess and consume up to 1.5 ounces of weed or 12 grams of concentrate outside the home. Additionally, they can have up to 5 oz of weed or 25 grams of concentrate in a locked container at home or a vehicle’s glove box or trunk.

Can I use a Marijuana Medical Card from another state?

No. Currently, Maryland does not support medical marijuana reciprocity. Thus, out-of-state patients do not enjoy the same medical marijuana privileges as MCA Patient ID cardholders.

Learn which states accept out-of-state med cards in 2024.

Is marijuana decriminalized in Maryland?

Yes, for three types of infractions:

  • Possession of 10 or less grams
  • Simple possession of paraphernalia
  • Public consumption

In all of these cases, the resulting penalty is a civil offense.

If you have a medical card, where can you smoke?

Patients with a valid Maryland med card may only use medical marijuana on private property. Smoking marijuana in public is illegal and can result in a fine of up to $50 for a first offense and up to $150 for subsequent offenses.

Is CBD legal in Maryland?

Yes, hemp-derived CBD is legal in Maryland. And you can buy various CBD products from retailers, such as health stores, vape shops, or online vendors without a prescription.

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